International Alliance for COVID-19 Community Response
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U.S. COVID-19 Report

Issuing time:2020-08-03 23:44Author:胡宣Source:原创

1.   Current Situation

Morethan four months have passed since Trump declared a state of emergency in theUnited States, but the situation caused by the pandemic has not yet improved.

Initially, Trump referred to the novel coronavirus as flu. As aresult, the infectiousness of this disease was greatly underestimated andspread quickly. In March, many states successively issued stay-at-home orders.Thanks to which, the situation was gradually stabilized, although death rateremained high still. While effective against the pandemic, the stay-at- homeorder hindered the economic development of the United States, promptingdissatisfaction from unemployed and low-paid workers. At the end of May, thelargest demonstration in the US broke out in decades, as the Minneapolis policeofficers violently enforced the law and caused George Floyd, a 46-year-oldblack man, suffocate to death. Meanwhile, the outburst of anger and stressposed higher risk of infection on dense crowds. Even worse, as the governmentdecided to reopen business and restore the economy, given opportunity for thepandemic to rebound and become more uncontrollable, affecting even youngercrowds. ”We are still knee-deepin the first wave of this," said Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of theNational Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases said recently.

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As of 6:30pm. on July 22, 2020, the death toll of COVID-19 in the UnitedStates has reached 144,877 and confirmed cases 4,023,263, with recordsingle-day spike of 68,800. Numbers are still climbingsharply, but turning point is not yet coming. At the same time, the positiverate of the COVID-19 detection has also been rising, from 6.7% on June 23 to7.5% on June 26, and then to 8% on July 3. As of July 14, 10 existing states have been marked as“red states", with positive detection rate exceeding 10%. Medical suppliesin various states are running short. (From the real­time data pandemic reportof Baidu, USA Today | pandemic data, graphs.)

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Accordingto data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), thenumber of people with antibodies to the new coronavirus may be ten times thenumber of confirmed cases. In other words, every patient detected is equivalentto ten more patients - the current number of infected people in the UnitedStates may be ten times than the published data. According to the coronavirusmodel projection of the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation of theUniversity of

Washington that by November 1, 2020, death rates inAmerica will reach 208,000. Fauci has repeatedly warned and advised Trump overpandemic measures, but the latter did not take it seriously. Since July 15,Trump has asked American hospitals to bypass the CDC and send epidemic datadirectly to the Ministry of Health. Trump's move has raised doubts, and somepeople worry that the US epidemic data will be manipulated and false.

2.    Causes Behind the Situation

With the COVID pandemic gettingworse and worse, the reasons behind this are complicated. There arepoliticians' whitewashing, public blindness, and too much “freedom” of speechbringing chaos to the market. In general, the root causes could be drawn asfollows.

.   All decisions of the Trump administration regarding the pandemic arebased on whether they can be used in re-election, not whether they can maximizecitizens9 safety

US failure in coping with the COVID-19 pandemicis mainly the result of Trump administration's inaction. Trump called on statesto reopen before the pandemic was completely controlled, causing the newlyeased disease to rebound again. Trump has also repeatedly “comforted” thepublic crowds with shocking words, calling the coronavirus as “kung flu”,or “Cases are going up in the U.S. because we are testing far morethan any other country, and ever expanding. With smaller testing we would showfewer cases!” On June 20, local time, a campaign rally was held in theRepublican Party's ticket warehouse, Tulsa, Oklahoma, which was the mostseverely affected area in the state.

The Trump administration's intentions are obvious. It is not within hisconsideration to ponder about the severeness of the pandemic nor death toll,but necessary measures that canvass for the next election like restarting theeconomy and solving unemployment rate.

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Ⅱ.market opinions and reactions are chaotic, making it difficult forcrowds to distinguish information,s true-false

Common folks in China are well aware of COVID-19,shorror. As a big country with a population of 1.4 billion, even most have noinfected victims around them, the whole country has started its first level ofalert quite early on; and up till July 24, 2020 China has managed to controlits number with 86,461 infection and 4,656 deaths via strict measures likesetting up temperature detection points in public places and all citizenswearing masks by default. However, the US situation is much more serious thanin China at the time, but the American people seem to slacken off their alertand gather around in public places. Not mentioning, holding a hearing over anseemingly not-worth-discussing issue of “whether or not to wear face masks”.

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What is behind thisstrange phenomenon? The main reason is that the public’s understanding of theCOVID-19 mainly rely on the information on television and the Internet thatconstructed by the mass media. The scattered attention of the US media hasdiminished the severity of the pandemic.

The United States is a country that believes infreedom of speech, “I do not agree with what you say, but I swear to defendyour right to speak”. Excessive freedom is indulgence. As a result, themainstream opinions in the market become chaotic, and all kinds of informationare mixed and muddled. Even if there are correct opinions, they are mixed incountless false point of views and neglected.

Theresult is that people can only choose to believe in more frequently heard“authoritative” views, that is, statements from the government, even if couldbe ill-advised.

Another reason is thatbecause the class division in the United States (between the elite and ordinarypeople) is very serious, the gap in cognitive level has also become huge. Atthis point, the United States is similar to the country with the third worstpandemic situation, India that of more elites and more civilians. A largenumber of civilians that are not well-educated may be misled into ill judgmentand are more likely to fall into misinformation and blindness.

.   loopholes in medical system causing shortage of medical supplies

Inthe early stage of the outbreak, the US government did not pay attention to itand condoned it to become uncontrollable. On the one hand, hospitals’capacities in various states have almost reached their limits - the huge numberof diagnoses per day has brought great pressure to medical staff, and drainedtheir strength to track close contacts. Medical workers are slowly losingconfidence by the heavy-stricken circumstances that supplies are running out, governmentsupport is far from enough and public alert is insufficiently low.

Onthe other hand, most people cannot receive proper treatment. Social isolationbrings unemployment, and unemployment causes a large number of people to losehealth insurance. Most people in the United States lean on their commercialmedical insurance, which are only available if one can keep a job.

According to relevant statistics, from February to May alone, 5.4million people in US lost their medical insurance. For the unemployeddisadvantaged ones, even if diagnosed with infection, they cannot afford theheavy cost for treatment.

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.          Traditional Belief and Culture

American traditional culture is characterized byfreedom which not only stands for freedom of speech and of belief but alsofreedom of leaving oneself to its fate. Most Americans believe in Christianityand the punishment of the god. They are convinced that death is a new lease oflife when faced with devastating disasters, which greatly serves to stabilizethe society.

Inaddition, respecting human rights is also the foundation of America. It is dueto its restriction of people’s liberty that the stay-at-home order aroused muchdissatisfaction among the public. After dissolving the stay- at-home order,beaches in Florida are packed with dense crowds in less than 20 minutes. Thatis probably why President Trump has seen his approving rating is rising eventhough he has delayed and fatal approaches to the pandemic like objecting to wearingmask and letting America work again.

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II.        A Rising Tide of Anti-intellectualism

Arising tide of anti-intellectualism is the most unique and prevailingphenomenon in America amid the COVID-19 pandemic, characterized by informationoverload and plenty of fortunetellers. For instance, in April Trump suggestedinjecting disinfectant into the body to kill the virus, and some people eventried it. As a result, many leading disinfectant companies claimed, “we mustclear that under no circumstances should our disinfectant products beadministered into the human body(through injection, ingestion or any otherroute).”

Recently, PresidentTrump claimed to reopen schools in the fall and forced them to teach face—toface, exposing students to a higher risk of contracting the disease.

Trump’   s secretary said, “The risk of   critical illness from COVID is far less than children in a seasonal flu.   States should reopen schools in observance of professional recommendations.   The science is on our side here.” U. S. Vice President Pence also approved of   it.

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.Political Polarization

Two major parties inthe U.S.-------------- Democraticand Republican

partieshave been in a dispute for a long time. Till now, every member will be in favorof nearly all the opinions of its party and object to all the perspectives ofthe other party. For instance, 87%Democratsdisapprove of lifting the lockdown too early while Republicans—47%, which demonstratestheir political slants are extremely obvious. As a supporter of Donald Trump,Republican Party tends not to wear face mask.

.Severe Social Divisions

Wealthinequality, racial injustice and hardening class distinctions have been tearingAmerican society apart. Various social contradictions are graduallyaccumulating amid the COVID—19 pandemic. Besides, George Floyd died due to awhite police officer’ s violent arresting in Minneapolis. Accordingly, protestsover the in-custody death of George Floyd broke out and continuously escalated,which were seemingly the speaking-up for justice but actually the dischargingof overwhelming feelings like terror and rage. With the novel coronavirusserving as reaction condition, accumulated social contradictions are likereactants while the death of Floyd is a catalyst. They blend together and actviolently, therefore, we have seen how severe social divisions in America are.

In particular, humanrights and liberalism seem to develop towards a strange direction in America:The majority is shouted down while legal rights of minority are safeguarded.When the novel coronavirus rampaged America, lack of effective preventionmeasures meant ignoring the rights and interests of patients and groupsaffected by the epidemic.

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.Deteriorating Relations with Other Countries.

Facingthe pandemic, the U.S. government has been shirking its responsibilities,stigmatizing other countries and deflecting attention at home lest the generalelection will be influenced. America has also been shifting the blame to the innocentlike the Europe and China, which has greatly deteriorated its relationship withthem.

4.Conclusion

Healthcare problems, politicalproblems and long-standing social contradictions broke out together amid thispandemic, and it was hard to differentiate causes from consequences. It is athought-provoking question that how America will break the vicious circle andhow to ease social contradictions in tackling the pandemic.

We are all the same in face ofthe fact that virus has no national boundaries, and no one can rise up alone.America’ s COVID-19 pandemic situation is part of the global coronavirus-preventioncondition. Facing various challenges in the economy and politics, internationalcooperation is indispensable in tackling natural disasters or new emergencieslike the novel coronavirus pandemic. Compared with cooperation betweengovernments, non— governmental cooperation and mutual aid feature numerousparticipants, wide—range fields, diverse resources and construction of solidfoundation etc. IACCR aims to, through non—governmental cooperation andcommunication, promote the global COVID—19 prevention, foster the globaleconomic recovery and the global epidemic—prevention innovation as well as makecontributions to facilitate the sustainable development of human society.

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Translator:Barbara Chi, Sophie Yang